THE MAGNETIC ENGINE

Russian

THE MAGNETIC ENGINE. THE ETERNAL ENGINE. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY. INTRODUCTION. THE PATENT. THE TECHNOLOGIES. THE DEVICES And WAYS a RECEPTION And CONSERVATION of ELECTRIC POWER. THE WAY of RECEPTION of ELECTRICITY, ELECTRIC POWER, ENERGY, AUTONOMOUS POWER SOURCE, SOURCE of ELECTRIC POWER, SOURCE of ENERGY, SOURCES, FORMS, 

THE MAGNETIC ENGINE

Ertay Shintekov

The invention relates to the power-plant engineering and electrical engineering and more specifically to the devices using the energy of permanent magnets. It may be used as a drive with a wide power range for ecologically clean movers and electric generators.

Magnetic motors, i.e. motors using repulsion and attraction of permanent magnets as drive forces are provided.

In this case, the magnetic field interaction on the predetermined section is decayed by structurally spatially distantiating at least one of the surfaces of the interacting magnetic components along the direction of motion of a movable magnetic component toward the pole preventing motion acceleration.

The surface of at least one of the interacting magnetic components is provided with an area distantiating the surface thereof from the surface of the other component in the direction of motion predominantly toward the region of the pole producing resistance to motion of the movable magnetic component.

In the other embodiment of the invention, a magnetic unit or motor comprises at least one movable and one fixed coaxial magnetic components, with their magnetic fields interacting predominantly along the surfaces thereof with acceleration in the direction of motion of the movable component on the path section.

According to the invention, such a magnetic device is characterized in that the interacting magnetic components are made coaxial, with at least one of the magnetic components in the region of the pole preventing acceleration of motion of the fixed component having an area of the magnetic field interaction decay in proximity to the motion path.

In this embodiment, the magnetic field interaction is decayed by providing the surface of at least one of the interacting magnetic components with an area distantiating the surface thereof from the surface of the other component in the direction of motion predominantly toward the region of the pole producing resistance to motion of the movable magnetic component.

In this case, the surface of the outer of interacting coaxial magnetic components has an area of axisymmetric expansion of the surface thereof from the input surface in the direction of motion predominantly to the region of the pole producing resistance to motion of the movable magnetic component.

In addition to the above, the surface of the inner of interacting coaxial magnetic components may have an area of axisymmetric narrowing of the surface thereof from the front surface in the direction opposite to the motion direction predominantly toward a region of the pole producing resistance to motion of the movable magnetic component.

In another embodiment of the invention, the magnetic motor comprises at least one movable and multiple fixed coaxial magnetic components magnetic fields of which interact with the movable component predominantly along the surfaces thereof with acceleration in the direction of motion of the movable component on the path section. The magnetic motor is characterized in that the interacting magnetic components are made coaxial, with at least one of the magnetic components in a region of the pole preventing acceleration of motion of the movable component having an area of the magnetic field interaction decay in proximity to the motion path and fixed components being mounted coaxially with the movable component motion path.

In this case, surfaces of the outer of interacting coaxial magnetic components have areas of axisymmetric expansion of the surface thereof from the input surface in the direction of motion predominantly toward the end of the pole producing resistance to the movable magnetic component motion.

According to another improvement of the prior art, a magnetic motor comprises a series of movable and multiple fixed magnetic components which magnetic fields interact with a movable component predominantly along the surfaces thereof with acceleration in the direction of motion of the movable component on the path section. The motor is characterized in that the interacting magnetic components are made coaxial, with at least one of the magnetic components in the region of the pole preventing acceleration of motion of the movable component having an area of the magnetic field interaction decay in proximity to the motion path, while fixed components are mounted coaxially with the motion path of the movable component and movable components are interrelated along the axis of motion thereof.

In that case, the surface of the outer of interacting coaxial magnetic components may have an area of axisymmetric expansion of the surface thereof from the input surface in the direction of motion predominantly toward the region of the pole producing resistance to the movable magnetic component motion.

According to another improvement of the prior art, a magnetic motor comprises a series of movable and multiple fixed magnetic components magnetic fields of which interact with a movable component predominantly along the surfaces thereof with acceleration in the direction of motion of the movable component on the path section and is characterized in that the interacting magnetic components are made coaxial and each of the fixed magnetic components in the region of the pole preventing acceleration of motion of the movable component has an area of the magnetic field interaction decay in proximity to the motion path, with fixed components being circumferentially mounted and movable components being interrelated along the path of motion thereof along the circumference coinciding with the circumference along which the fixed components are mounted. 
In this embodiment, the inner surfaces of the fixed coaxial magnetic components have areas of coaxial expansion of the surfaces thereof from input surfaces thereof in the direction of motion predominantly toward the areas of poles producing resistance to the movable magnetic component motion.

Further improvement of the prior art resides in the fact that the movable magnetic components are mounted along the circumference and are coupled to the axis of rotation coinciding with the axis of the circumference along which fixed components are mounted, with both circumferences coinciding, while the fixed components are provided with longitudinal slots in the inner radial direction, with the slot width being sufficient for passing axial link members of the movable magnetic components. 
In this case the axial link member of the movable components may be made in the form of a disk.

Alternatively, the axial link members may be made in the form of spokes.

For further improvement, sections of the coaxial expansion may mount coaxial electrical coils with a winding not crossing the slots of the fixed components.

In the embodiment of the invention, the magnetic motor comprises a movable component, for example, in the form of a surface rotatable along the circumference mounting n-magnetic components which are arranged to be interactable with fixedly mounted m-magnetic components. Each of the magnetic components of the m or n group is made in the form of a permanent magnet. On of the groups of magnetic components (m or n) comprises magnetic components, with each being provided with a through-passage connecting faces of this magnetic component to a flat slot coupling the outer surface of the magnetic component to the through-passage along the entire length. Diameters of ports of the through-passage and thickness of walls of this magnetic component are selected in such a way that the influence of volume density of magnetic charge on the magnetic component moving along the through-passage in the region of an exit port of the through-passage is lower than the influence of volume density of magnetic charge in the region of an exit port of the through-passage. Another group of magnetic components comprises the magnetic component each of which is mounted in such a way that it is capable of passing through the through-passage of the magnetic component of the first group. The through-passage mounts therewithin at least one electrical coil the turns of which are laid so as the flat slot connecting the through-passage over the entire length to the outer magnetic component surface is not overlapped.

The principle of operation of the motor provided is examplified using coaxial magnets. In one embodiment, a movable magnetic component may pass through the passage of a fixed magnetic component. In this case the magnetic components are permanent magnets. When the movable magnetic component passes along the through-passage of the fixed magnetic component, magnetic fields thereof interact. Since at the instant the movable magnetic component approaches the fixed magnetic component polarity of the poles of the magnetic components is opposite, the movable magnetic component is drawn into a cavity of the fixed magnetic component through an entry port. The movable magnetic component, to which acceleration is imparted owing to the interaction of magnetic fields at the passage entry, continues motion along the passage inertially and approaches the exit passage port. Polarity of this part of the magnetic component coincides with polarity of an approaching part of the magnetic component. However, no hard braking of the magnetic component occurs. Structurally, it is provided by fulfillment of the condition under which influence of the volume density of the pole magnetic charge on the movable magnetic component at the exit port is substantially less than that of the volume density of the pole magnetic charge at the entry port. This is due to the fact that a diameter of the exit port is larger than that of the entry port. The movable magnetic component exits from the exit port of the magnetic component passage. As the movable magnetic component passes along the through-passage of the fixed magnetic component, with the electrical coil being arranged along the motion path, the electromotive force may be simultaneously induced in the coil. In this case the energy may be used for other purposes. Then, a series of similar fixed magnetic components may be disposed along the motion path of the movable magnetic component. The fixed magnetic components may be arranged annularly in such a way that axes of inner passages thereof form a closed line. The above disclosed process may be continual not only for one movable magnetic component, but also for multiple movable magnetic components fixed on a ring or other rotor. When the coils disposed in the gaps between fixed components are energized from an independent power supply, the motor provided may be slowed down, accelerated or stopped.

The magnetic components may be made both in the form of permanent magnets and in the form of electromagnets or combinations thereof along the motion path.

Polarity of the magnets and mutual geometric orientation thereof are determined from the maximal efficiency condition. To obtain inertial balance, the movable magnets may comprise additional weights or masses. The inner movable magnets may be made tubular with radial polarization.

Below are disclosed the most efficient structural embodiments.

The invention provided is illustrated by the drawings attached:

THE MAGNETIC ENGINE

Fig. 1 general view of a magnetic motor housing

THE MAGNETIC ENGINE

Fig. 2 spatial arrangement of the magnetic motor provided (upper part of the housing is lifted)

THE MAGNETIC ENGINE

Fig. 3 top view, an upper part of the motor
housing is removed

Fig. 4 sectional view along A - A line of the provided magnetic motor disposed in the housing

Fig. 5 top view, an upper part of the housing is removed, a mutual arrangement of movableand fixed magnetic components is illustrated (contour image)

Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 external view of a fixed magnetic component with a flat slot and an electrical coil disposed within a through-passage of the fixed magnetic component

Fig. 8 external view of the fixed magnetic component without an electrical coil

Fig. 9 external view of the electrical coil the turns of which are laid in such a way that a flat slot connecting the through-passage to the outside surface of the fixed component is not overlapped

Fig. 10 a fixed magnetic component with an electrical coil removed from the housing
of the fixed magnetic component

Fig. 11 a fixed magnetic
component holder

Fig.12 a movable tubular magnetic component with radial polarization

Fig. 13 - a movable magnetic component mounted in the holder

The provided magnetic motor disclosed below relates to one of the embodiments of the invention. It is disposed in a housing made of two parts an upper part 1 and a lower part 2. The housing is provided with openings through which a shaft 3 is passed (Fig. 1). A rotor 4 fitted on the shaft 3 is disposed within the hollow housing. Holders 5 with magnetic component 6 being permanent magnets are rigidly secured to the rotor 4. Each magnetic component 6 is a slightly bent rod the form of which is best circumscribed as a part of a body having a toroidal surface (Fig. 2). The magnetic components 6 are disposed in the holders 5 in such a way that the polarity thereof is similar in the direction of motion when the rotor moves along the circumference (Fig. ). The number of magnetic components 6 may be increased. The rotor 4 is mounted rotatable jointly with the shaft 3 installed in bearings 7 and 8 (Fig. 2). Magnetic components 9 are disposed fixedly in the vertical plane of motion of the movable magnetic components 6 coaxially threwith. Each magnetic component 9 is made in the form of two ring-like parts 10 and 11. These two ring-like parts 10 and 11 are the parts of the toroidal body. They have different diameters and coupled to an element 12 being a part of a truncated cone (Fig. 6 and Fig. 8). The fixed magnetic component 9 has a passage 13 inside it with entry and exit ports 14 and 15 (Fig. 10), with the diameter of the exit port 15 being larger than the diameter of the entry port 14. Diameters of these ports and thicknes of walls of each fixed magnetic component are selected in such a way that influence of the volume density of magnetic charge of the pole at which the exit port 15 is located on the movable magnetic component 6 moving in the passage 13 is substantially less than that of the volume density of magnetic charge of the pole with the entry port 14. Magnetic components 9 are mounted so that polarity thereof in relation to polarity of magnetic components 6 is of an opposite sign (Fig. ).

Referring to Fig. 2, magnetic components 6 fixed in the holders 5 on the rotating rotor 4 may pass through the passage 13 of each fixed magnetic component 9. Inasmach as the magnetic components 6 are fixed in the holders 5, for each magnetic component 6 to pass through the passage of each magnetic component 9, a plane slot 16 is provided on each magnetic component 9 (Figs. 6, 7 and 8). At least one electrical coil 17 is coaxially disposed in the passage 13 of the magnetic component 9 (Figs. 7, 9, 10). Terminals of electrical coils 17 of all fixed magnetic components 9 are coupled to a common connector 18 (Figs. 1, 4). Each electrical coil 17 is made so that the flat slot 16 connecting the through-passage 13 with the outer surface of the magnetic component 9 is not overlapped by turns thereof (Figs. 9, 10). This allows the holder 5 and magnetic component 6 to pass through the passage of the magnetic component 9. Referring to Fig. 3, the fixed magnetic components 9 and movable magnetic components 6 are alternatingly disposed one behind another in one motion plane. The upper part of the housing 1 and lower part of the housing 2 are connected by fasting members passing through an opening 19 (Figs. 2, 3, 4, 5) in the upper and lower parts of the housing.

The motor provided operates as disclosed herein below. Referring to Fig. 4, magnetic components 6 fixed in holders 5 on the rotating rotor 4 may pass through the channel 13 of each fixed magnetic component 9. Magnetic components 6 and 9 are permanent magnets. When the magnetic component 6 passes through the through-passage 13 of the magnetic component 9, magnetic fields thereof interact. Inasmuch as polarity of the poles of magnetic components 6 and 9 is opposite at the point of time the mobile magnetic component 6 approaches the fixed magnetic component 9, the mobile magnetic component 6 is drawn into a chamber of the fixed magnetic component 9 through an entry port 14. The mobile magnetic component 6 accelerated through interaction of magnetic fields at the entry port continues motion inertially along the passage 13 and approaches the passage exit port 15. Polarity of this part of the magnetic component 9 coincides with polarity of the approaching part of the magnetic component 6. However, no hard braking of the magnetic component 6 occurs. Structurally, it is provided by fulfillment of the condition under which influence of the volume density of the pole magnetic charge on the movable magnetic component 6 at the exit port 15 is substantially less than that of the volume density of the pole magnetic charge at the entry port 14. This is due to the fact that a diameter of the exit port 15 is larger than that of the entry port. The magnetic component 6 exits from the exit port 15 of the passage of the magnetic component 9.

In this case, the motion direction may be also opposite. The principle of operation is not changed by alternating the order of attraction and repulsion, while efficiency is mainly defined by a relative geometry of magnetic components. As the magnetic component 6 passes along the through-passage 13 of the magnetic component 9, the electromotive force is simultaneously induced in the electrical coil 17. In this case, the energy may be used for other purposes. Further rotation of the rotor 4 jointly with the magnetic component 6 brings the magnetic component 6 closer to the next fixed magnetic component 9. The disclosed process is continuously repeated not only for the disclosed movable magnetic component 6, but also for each magnetic component 6 of those fixed on the rotor 4 in a similar manner. Energizing coils 17 from an independent power supply may stop or speed up the motor provided.

The magnetic motor housing may be made air-tight in which case the rotor shaft does not protrude beyond the motor housing and air is evacuated from the inner housing chamber to reduce resistance to the rotating masses.

The movable magnetic component may be made not in the form of a uniform rod having poles at the faces thereof, but, for example, also in the form of an expanded hollow front part being one of the magnet poles and connected to a narrow rod being another magnet pole. Radially polarizing a tubular magnet also produces alternating attraction-repulsive forces, with the repulsion phase being decayed owing to a geometrical expansion of a counteracting pole, while motion continues due to inertia or additional electromagnetic excitation.

It should be noted that various modifications and changes of the invention provided will be apparent to those skilled in the art.
For example, the motor provided may be made with one movable magnetic component and n-fixed magnetic components. The m-movable magnetic components may be used with one fixed magnetic component, etc.

One more area of application of the invention provided is using it in the form of multi-sectional structures, with each section thereof comprising its rotor mounting the magnetic components interacting with fixed magnetic components.

If mass below will increase by 5 or 10 kg (between points C and D, Fig. 1) then under the action of mass weight and force of the springs the piston will move downward increasing element volume by the same 20 liters.

  Certainly to liberate energy it is necessary to reduce speed of rotation of the device in order to decrease friction losses in water (it is known that friction losses at transference in water is proportional to the traverse speed).

The Author: Ertay Shintekov
Date of publication 23.12.2006